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After you have calibrated your Vicon cameras, you are ready to create and calibrate subjects and any props that you need.

To create and calibrate subjects, complete the following procedures as required:

In addition to the following information, see also the Vicon video 6 - Shogun Live - Subject Calibration, which demonstrates how to place markers on a performer and how to calibrate a subject using a T-pose and ROM. (Note that the latest version of Shogun uses an A-pose for subject calibration, and includes a cluster-picker to help with subject booting when using the high-density finger marker sets.)

Choose a marker set

Choose a marker set, depending on your requirements. Templates (labeling and solving) for the following marker sets are supplied with the latest release of Shogun:

Marker setDescription
FrontWaistStandard 53-marker set
FrontWaist10FingersStandard marker set plus 10 finger-markers
FrontWaist3FingersStandard marker set plus three finger-markers
FrontWaist5FingersStandard marker set plus five finger-markers
ProductionProduction marker set, which helps with marker occlusion and includes extra markers for the back and top of the shoulders to help with gap-filling and solving
Production10FingersProduction marker set plus 10 finger-markers
Production3FingersProduction marker set plus three finger-markers
Production5FingersProduction marker set plus five finger-markers
SideWaistAlternative standard marker set, which avoids front waist marker occlusion (useful if, for example, the front waist marker is likely to be occluded due to a performer's hands obstructing it or the performer bending forwards)
SideWaist10FingersStandard marker set with side waist markers plus 10 finger-markers
SideWaist3FingersStandard marker set with side waist markers plus three finger-markers
SideWaist5FingersStandard marker set with side waist markers plus five finger-markers

For the most realistic finger animation, the 10 finger-marker set is recommended.

It is assumed that you are using one of Shogun’s default labeling templates. If you are using a different template, please contact Vicon Support.

Add labeling clusters to the datastore (optional step)

To help Shogun Live in booting the labeling setup and to uniquely identify performers, you can use labeling clusters. Labeling clusters are particularly useful in scenes with multiple performers.

Place one or more labeling clusters on each performer, with each cluster containing five or more markers. Ensure labeling clusters are unique by varying the position of the markers in each cluster.

Before you can use the labeling clusters for motion capture, you must add them to the Shogun Live datastore, to enable Shogun Live to recognize them.

To add labeling clusters:

  1. To save clusters, you can either use the default folder (C:\Users\Public\Documents\Vicon\Clusters), or to change the default location, in the Preferences dialog box (Shift+P), on the Folders tab, go to the Clusters line and enter or browse to the required folder.
  2. Place the labeling cluster(s) in the volume and ensure all the markers are visible to the cameras.
  3. In the 3D Scene, ALT+drag to select all the markers for a cluster.
  4. On the Subject Calibration tab, in the Labeling Clusters section, click the Create Labeling Cluster button.

    A labeling cluster is created from the selected markers.

    To check cluster solving, on the Subject Calibration tab, select Labeling Cluster Mode. All unattached clusters are solved. Use this mode only when you create clusters or to check that they will solve. As Labeling Cluster Mode is resource-intensive, clear the check box when you aren't using this mode.
  5. If you need to rename or delete clusters, click Manage Labeling Clusters and in the dialog box, either double-click to rename or right-click the required cluster and then click Delete.

Place markers on a performer

To place markers on a performer:

  1. Place your chosen marker set on the performer(s).
    The following images show the standard Vicon FrontWaist 53-marker set, and also show the placement of a cluster.


    These images show the placement of markers for the Production marker set (with 10 finger-markers):


    If you're using side waist markers, place the waist marker(s) at the sides of the performer's waist:

  2. Ensure that the foot markers are placed so that the toe marker is as far forward as possible on the foot while still facing upward. Also ensure that the three other markers (the heel marker and the two markers on either side of the front of the foot) are in the same plane, and are as low (ie near to the floor), as possible.


  3. If you're using finger markers, place them on the hands. 
    Follow these guidelines to ensure that the finger markers produce an accurate solve:

    • Wrists: The wrist marker placement is important because the foundation of a good finger solve is a correctly solved wrist. Place the wrist markers on either side of the wrist so that both markers are the same distance down the arm and as close to the joint center as possible.
    • Hands: Place the hand markers just before the knuckle of the index and pinky finger.
    • Fingers: For 3 finger-marker setups, place a marker just before the first joint of the index, pinky, and thumb, so that it is not affected by rotation of the second joint (see the photo of the 3 finger marker set).
      For 5 finger-marker setups, place the markers at the end of each of the five fingers (see the photo of the 5 finger-marker set).
      For 10 finger-marker setups, place the markers at the end of each finger, and mid markers on the second phalange apart from the mid (see the photo of the 10 finger-marker set).
    • Upper arms and legs: To help with calibration, place offset markers on the upper arms and legs.

      These images show placement of the wrist, hand, and finger markers in a three-finger setup:


      This image shows placement of the wrist, hand, and finger markers in a 5 finger-marker set:


      This image shows placement of the wrist, hand, and finger markers in a 10 finger-marker set:

      Placement for all the finger marker sets, as displayed in Shogun, is shown below:

      10 finger-marker set
      3 finger-marker set
      5 finger-marker set
  4. If you're using clusters (see Add clusters to the Shogun Live datastore), if you haven't already done so, place them on the performer(s). Normally, a good location for the cluster is on the torso, but not too close to other markers. This can be on the front, as shown in the following image, or on the back, as shown in the illustrations in Step 1.

Create and calibrate a subject

Calibrating a subject involves having a performer wearing the required marker set stand in an A-pose and then perform a Range of Motion (ROM) in the capture volume. During the ROM, ensure that the performer goes through a full range of movement for every limb and joint that is to be captured.

Before you begin, t o give the clearest view of the subject, at the top of the 3D Scene view, ensure View Filters is selected, then under the Volume options, clear Cameras. In the Subjects section, select Solve and in the options matrix, in the S column, ensure Skin is selected (in addition to any other options that you may want to use).

Live occlusion-fixing occurs by default. This ensures the skeleton continues to behave correctly while markers are occluded. To ensure occlusion fixing is displayed, display the View Filters, and in the Data section, ensure Missing Markers is selected. In the Subjects section, select Solve, and in the options matrix, in the S column, ensure Skin is selected. Occlusion fixing is indicated by the red color and is also visible when X-Ray is selected.
To turn off occlusion fixing, at the top of the Processing panel, click Show Advanced and in the General section, clear Occlusion Fixing.

If you want to set aside a part of your volume for subject calibration, to avoid having to clear the volume each time you have to calibrate or re-calibrate a subject, see Create a subject calibration hotspot in Getting more from Vicon Shogun.

High fidelity fingers marker sets

If you're using a marker set that includes markers for high fidelity fingers, note that labeling also makes use of this feature. To help the calibration, ensure you have placed offset markers on the upper arms and legs.

Because the high-density marker set results in a greater demands on processing, you may experience dropped frames, especially when using more than one actor. Ideally, test first with a single actor on a high-spec, multi-core machine.
To improve processing, you can run reconstruction, labeling, solving and/or retargeting over multiple machines. For information, see Run Shogun processing on multiple machines in Getting more from Vicon Shogun.

To perform live subject calibration:

  1. On the Subject Calibration tab, in the Name field, enter a name for the new subject.
  2. In the Subjects section, choose the appropriate Labeling Template and Solving Template for your subject.
    If you using side waist markers and/or finger markers, make sure you choose the templates that include side waist markers and/or fingers (indicated by their names).
  3. From the Skin list, select the mesh that is to be used for the solving skeleton.
  4. If you're using a labeling cluster for the subject who is wearing a high density marker set (ie finger markers or any other high density set), on the Subject Calibration tab, go to the Labeling Clusters section and select the required labeling cluster from the Labeling Cluster To Use list.
  5. Have the performer wearing the correct marker set (see Place markers on a performer) enter the volume and stand in an A-pose, with the hands flat.
    If you're using a template that includes fingers, also ensure that:
    • The wrists are straight, not bent to either side or up or down.
    • The fingers are straight, with a natural spread, and no bend.
    • The thumb is held tight against the index finger. Ensure that the thumb and the fingers all point in the same direction.
  6. Click Create Subject and wait for the subject to boot.


    On the menu bar, above the workspace, Subject Calibration Active and a flashing red circle is displayed.
    In the 3D Scene view, the markers are labeled, and the labeling and solving skeleton is displayed.
    Look for feedback in top right of view pane, which shows the number of markers found and the number of markers required.

  7. Visually check that all the markers have been labeled and everything looks OK.   

    To quickly check that all the required markers have been placed on the performer, ensure the subject is selected and check the Marker Selection counter (bottom right of the view pane). For more information, see Check the marker count on the current selection.
  8. After waiting until you’re happy with the position of the joints, on the Subject Calibration tab, in the Subjects section, click Accept A-Pose.

    If, despite using offset and left and right markers (see the guidance on marker placement for finger marker sets), you still experience problems with subject booting, on the Subject Calibration tab, select the Advanced option, Capture Canceled Calibrations. (This enables Support to troubleshoot your issue.)
  9. Get the performer to perform a ROM (Range Of Motion) that includes all the required movement. If you're using one of the high-fidelity fingers templates, include some finger movements as part of this process. Include bending and spreading the fingers as well as poses of the hand that will be useful for checking the accuracy of the labeling. 
    Include the following in your ROM:
    • Fists
    • Wiggle the fingers
    • Touch the tip of the thumb against the tip of each digit of the same hand:
      • Thumb to index finger
      • Thumb to middle finger
      • Thumb to ring finger
      • Thumb to pinkie
  10. When the ROM is complete, click Stop Calibrating.
    In the 3D Scene, you can see the mesh and solving skeleton of the subject (if you need to change the display, at the top left of the workspace, click View Filters and choose the required options).
    In the Subject panel, a subject with the name you supplied in Step 1 above is displayed, together with nodes representing its markers, segments and skin.

    To change a skin base color and highlight color, in the Subject panel, right-click the Skin node. The skin colors are saved in the .mcp file when you exit Shogun Live.

    The subject is now fully calibrated and can be used in captures as required (for example, if you're using it for retargeting, see Load retargeting setup).

Check the marker count of the current selection

The Marker Selection counter enables you to easily check the number of markers currently selected. This is useful during subject calibration, if you need to check that the required number of markers have all been placed on a subject, or within a particular set of markers (for example, facial markers).

To display the number of selected markers:

  1. In the 3D Scene view, ensure View Filters is selected and in the Overlays section, select the Selected Marker Count option.

  2. At the bottom right of the view pane, the Marker Selection count is displayed. If no markers are currently selected, a zero is displayed.


  3. As you select markers (in either the Subject pane (left) or the view pane), the Marker Selection counter changes to display the number of selected markers.

Load retargeting setup

If you're retargeting your fully calibrated subject onto a target FBX, you can now load the VSR and link it to your subject.

For more information on creating and linking retargets, see Retarget with Shogun Post.